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Why Christmas day is celebrated on 25th December?

History of Christmas is celebrated on December 25 and is a holy religious holiday and a world cultural and commercial phenomenon.
Christmas is celebrated on December 25 and is a holy religious holiday and a world cultural and commercial phenomenon. People around the world have been following traditions and practices of religious and secular nature for two millennia. Christians celebrate Christmas as the anniversary of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth, a spiritual leader whose teaching is the foundation of their religion.  December 25 - Christmas Day - is a federal holiday in the United States since 1870.
How did Christmas begin?

In the middle of winter has long been a world celebration. Centuries before the arrival of a man named Jesus, the first Europeans celebrated light and birth in the darkest winter days. Many people rejoiced during the winter solstice when the worst winter was behind them and could enjoy longer days and extended hours of sunlight.
In Scandinavia, the Vikings celebrated Yule from December 21, the winter solstice, until January. In recognition of the return of the sun, fathers and sons brought home large logs that they set on fire. People feasted until the tribe burned out, which could take up to 12 days. The Vikings believed that every spark of fire represents a new pig or calf born next year. The end of December was an ideal time to celebrate in most parts of Europe. Most of the cattle were killed at that time of the year, so there was no need for winter feeding. For many, it was the only year of the year when they had fresh meat. Most of the wine and beer produced during the year was finally fermented and ready to drink. During the German holidays, people in Germany honored the pagan god Oden. The Germans intimidated Oden because they thought he had airborne night flights to watch his people, and then he decided who would prosper or destroy. Because of his presence, many people decided to stay inside.

In Rome, where winters were not as hard as those in the far north, Saturnia was celebrated - a holiday in honor of Saturn, the god of agriculture. From the week that led to the winter solstice and continued for a month, Saturnalia was a hedonistic period when food and drink were plentiful and the usual Roman social order turned upside down. In a month the slaves would become masters. The peasants controlled the city. Business and schools were closed so everyone could have fun.During the winter solstice, the Romans watched Juvenalia, a feast honoring Roman children. In addition, members of the upper classes often celebrated the birthday of Mithra, the god of the incomprehensible sun, on December 25th. It was believed that Mithra, the divine son, was born from a rock. For some Romans, Mithra's birthday was the holiest day of the year. Christmas Is it really the day of Jesus' birth? 
In the early years of Christianity, Easter was a major holiday; Jesus' birth was not celebrated. In the fourth century, church leaders decided to make Jesus' birth a feast. Unfortunately, the Bible does not mention the date of its birth (the fact that the Puritans later pointed out the denial of the legitimacy of the celebration). Although there is some evidence to suggest that his birth might have occurred in the spring (why would shepherds graze in the middle of winter?), The Pope chose Julius I on December 25. It is widely believed that the Church chose this date in an effort to embrace and absorb the traditions of the pagan Saturnalia festival. For the first time known as nativity scene, the custom spread to Egypt until 432 and to England at the end of the sixth century.of the rich and demand their best food and drink. If owners failed to comply, their visitors would most likely terrorize them with mischief. 
When Christmas Was Cancelled
celebrated in Europe.   urn of the popular holiday.ox in their Puritan beliefs than Cromwell.    dent.After the American Revolution, English customs ceased to be in love, including Christmas. In fact, Christmas was not declared a federal holiday until 26 June 1870.Washington Irving returns Christmas
Until the 19th century, Americans began accepting Christmas. Americans reinvented Christmas and turned them from a rough carnival holiday to a day of peace and family-centered nostalgia. But what caused the American interest in vacation in the 19th century? The beginning of the 19th century was a period of class conflicts and unrest. During this period, unemployment was high and riots in disillusioned groups often occurred during the Christmas holidays. In 1828, the New York City Council established the city's first police force in response to the Christmas riots. This catalyzed some of the upper class members to begin to change the way Christmas was celebrated in America.In 1819, Washington Irving's best-selling author, The Sketchbook of Geoffrey Crayon, gent., Wrote a series of Christmas celebrations in an English mansion. On the sketch is a squire who invited the peasants to his house for vacation. Unlike the problems facing American society, both groups blended effortlessly. According to Irving, Christmas should be a peaceful and cordial holiday that connects groups across borders of wealth or social status. Irving's fictitious celebrations enjoyed an "old custom", including the crowning of the Lord of the Sages. Irving's book, however, was not based on any of the festivals he attended - in fact, many historians have in fact claimed that Irving's account really "invented" the tradition, suggesting that he describes the true customs of the season.

A Christmas Carol
Even in this period, the English author Charles Dickens created the classic holiday story A Christmas Carol. The story's message - the importance of charity and goodwill for all mankind - struck a powerful chord in the United States and England and showed the members of the Victorian society the benefits of holiday celebrations.
more sensitive to children's emotional needs. Christmas gave families a day to pay attention and gifts to their children without appearing to "spoil" them.
When Americans began to take Christmas as the perfect family holiday, old habits emerged. People looked at recent immigrants, Catholic and Episcopal churches to see how this day should be celebrated. decorating trees, sending holiday cards, and giving gifts.
Although most families quickly bought the idea of   celebrating Christmas, as it happened for centuries, Americans have actually devised a holiday to meet the cultural needs of a growing nation.Who invented Santa Claus?
The legend of Santa Claus can only be traced to a monk named St. Nicholas, who was born in Turkey around 280 AD. Sv. children and sailors.Saint Nicholas first entered American popular culture at the end of the 18th century in New York, when Dutch families gathered to commemorate the anniversary of the death of "Sint Nikolaas" (Dutch for Saint Nicholas) or "Sinter Klaas". led "Account of a Visit from St. o Santa Claus as a joust who runs home in a hallway led by a toy machine.
The classic version of Santa Claus as a red jollime, a white beard and a toy bag did not die out in 1881, when political cartoonist Thomas Nast drew Moore's poem to create the image 'Old Saint Nick we know today.
Christmas facts

Every year 30-35 million Christmas are sold exclusively in the United States. There are about 21,000 Christmas tree growers in the United States, and the trees are usually cultivated for 15 years before they are sold.Today, in Greek and Russian orthodox churches, Christmas is celebrated 13 and 14 days after the 25th day of Christmas. This is because the Western Church uses the Gregorian Calendar, while the Eastern Church uses the Julian Calendar.In the Middle Ages, Christmas celebrations were peaceful and orderly - similar to the Mardi Gras holidays today.
When Christmas was abolished: From 1659 to 1681, Christmas celebrations were issued by a Boston court, and lawbreakers paid five penalties.Christmas was declared a federal holiday in the United States on June 26, 1870.The first egg made in the United States was destroyed in the home of Captain John Smith in 1607.The Poinsettia plant was named after Joel R. Poinsett, the American minister to Mexico, who brought the red-green plants from Mexico to America in 1828.The Salvation Army has been sending Santa Claus-clad donors to the streets since 1890.Rudolph, "The Most Famous Traitor of All Things" was the result of Robert L. May's thought in 1939. The author wrote poems about the repair process to help customers get into the store department of Montgomery Ward. The founding staff started the Rockefeller Center tradition in 1931.